Water Uptake Behavior of Injection-Molded Wood–Plastic Composites

Christoph Burgstaller, Károly Renner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Wood–plastic composites (WPC) are partially biobased composite materials that exhibit appealing properties, but also some drawbacks. One is the inherent propensity to take up water, which influences different composite properties. In this work, we investigated the general water uptake behavior of injection-molded WPC and applied a simple model to evaluate different formulations. We found that the major influence is the wood content, but also, wood particle size showed a distinct influence on the water uptake speed, while the saturation concentration correlated with the equilibrium moisture content of the wood. The mechanical properties, such as elastic modulus and tensile strength, were reduced with increasing water uptake, and the reduction correlated with wood content and the moisture content of the wood, while the particle size did not show an influence in the investigated region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number61
Pages (from-to)61
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • mechanical properties
  • sorption model
  • water absorption
  • wood particle size


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