The influence of the stacking sequence on the nonlinear response of composite laminates is investigated. It is shown that a layup dependency solely emerges from damage evolution mechanisms, whereas damage initiation and viscoelastic and viscoplastic strain accumulation are not affected by the layup. This is a result of a proposed procedure that enables the evaluation of the stiffness reduction on lamina level. The residual ply stiffness components can be determined at large deformations and for various laminates under in-plane loading conditions. A finite element study is utilized to characterize the properties of a ply containing discrete cracks. The relationship between transverse and shear stiffness reduction is derived from the FE results. This allows the combined determination of the residual lamina moduli from an axial laminate stiffness. The analysis approach is validated by angle-ply specimens with different layups.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2015|
- A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
- B. Mechanical properties
- B. Transverse cracking
- C. Damage mechanics