The strain-aging of low alloyed, multiphase high-strength steels with strain-induced austenite to martensite transformation was studied. The influence of prestrain, aging time, and temperature dependence of the static strain aging was carried out. Ageing temperatures between 60 and 220◦ C and aging times from 20 to 10,000 min were investigated. The choice of steel composition allowed studying the influence of alloying elements, such as Si and Al, on the static strain aging behavior. Samples after aging were studied using light-optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and in-depth transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The Harper model was used to describe the precipitation mechanisms occurring during aging. The study of thin foils after aging using TEM showed the precipitation of low temperature transition carbides in the microstructure, which was observed between 60 and 5000 min. By using X-ray diffraction, it was revealed that aging at 170◦ C for a long time caused a slight decrease of the retained austenite volume fraction, but the C content remained constant.
- Advanced High-Strength Steels
- Cottrell and Bilby model
- Harper model
- Static strain aging
- Transmission electron microscopy