The sensitivity of parameters in computational science problems is difficult to assess, especially for algorithms with multiple input parameters and diverse outputs. This work seeks to explore sensitivity analysis in the visualization domain, introducing novel techniques for respective visual analyses of parameter sensitivity in multi-dimensional algorithms. First, the sensitivity analysis background is revisited, highlighting the definition of sensitivity analysis and approaches analyzing global and local sensitivity as well as the differences of sensitivity analysis to the more common uncertainty analysis. We introduce and explore parameter sensitivity using visualization techniques from overviews to details on demand, covering the analysis of all aspects of sensitivity in a prototypical implementation. The respective visualization techniques outline the algorithmic in- and outputs including indications, on how sensitive an input is with regard to the outputs. The detailed sensitivity information is communicated through constellation plots for the exploration of input and output spaces. A matrix view is discussed for localized information on the sensitivity of specific outputs to specific inputs. A 3D view provides the link of the parameter sensitivity to the spatial domain, in which the results of the multi-dimensional algorithms are embedded. The proposed sensitivity analysis techniques are implemented and evaluated in a prototype called Sensitivity Explorer. We show that Sensitivity Explorer reliably identifies the most influential parameters and provides insights into which of the output characteristics these affect as well as to which extent.
|Original language||English (American)|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Apr 2022|