Return to sports after glenoid reconstruction using an implant-free iliac crest bone graft

Reinhold Ortmaier, Christian Fink, Wolfgang Schobersberger, Harald Kindermann, Georg Mattiassich, Josef Hochreiter, Fabian Plachel, Marian Mitterer, Herbert Resch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate sports ability and the rate of return to sports after implant-free iliac bone graft for recurrent, anterior shoulder instability and anterior glenoid bone loss. Subgroups of younger and older patients and patients who had previous arthroscopic Bankart surgery and those who did not have such surgery before implant-free iliac bone graft were formed and compared. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 34 patients; 14 patients had previous arthroscopic Bankart surgery, and 20 patients did not have the surgery; The median age at the time of iliac bone graft was 35.3 years (range, 23 to 75), 17 patients were over the age of 35, and 17 patients were under the age of 35. The mean follow-up was 40 months (range: 25 to 56). Results: All the 34 patients were engaged in pre- and post-operative sport, which represents a return to sport rate of 100%. Although the number of sport disciplines decreased significantly from 6 before the operation to 4.8 after the operation (p = 0.002), the number of sports sessions per week did not change significantly, and the duration per session did not change significantly. More than two-thirds of all patients returned to sports within 6 months. Overall, 41% of patients changed sport disciplines, 15% of whom cited shoulder-related causes; however, all patients returned to the same sport level. Conclusions: Overall and within the subgroups, the return to sport rate after implant-free iliac bone grafting was high, with a high sense of well-being. The number of sport disciplines decreased significantly and more than one-third of the patients changed disciplines, of which 15% percent changed due to shoulder-related causes. The sport level remained equal, and no other parameters changed significantly compared with the time before the onset of restrictive shoulder symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1471-1479
Number of pages9
JournalOrthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research
Volume105
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Glenoid reconstruction
  • Iliac crest bone block
  • Instability
  • Return to sport
  • Shoulder
  • Return to Sport/statistics & numerical data
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glenoid Cavity/injuries
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Athletic Injuries/pathology
  • Young Adult
  • Arthroscopy
  • Shoulder Dislocation/etiology
  • Ilium/transplantation
  • Bone Transplantation
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Joint Instability/etiology

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