PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate sports activity before anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and after surgical treatment of ACL rupture comparing ACL repair with an Internal Brace to ACL reconstruction using either a hamstring (HT) or quadriceps tendon (QT) autograft.
METHODS: Between 12/2015 and 10/2016, we recruited 69 patients with a mean age of 33.4 years for a matched-pair analysis. Twenty-four patients who underwent Internal Brace reconstruction were matched according to age (± 5 years), gender, Tegner activity scale (± 1), BMI (± 1) and concomitant injuries with 25 patients who had undergone HT reconstruction and 20 patients who had undergone QT reconstruction. The minimum follow-up was 12 months.
RESULTS: Overall, the return-to-sports rate was 91.3 %. There were no significant differences (p ≥ 0.05) in the number of sports disciplines and the time before return to sports within or among the groups. Overall and within the groups, the level of sports participation did not change significantly (p ≥ 0.05) postoperatively. The patients' sense of well-being was excellent after either ACL repair with an Internal Brace or ACL reconstruction with autologous HT or QT.
CONCLUSION: At short-term follow-up, ACL repair using an Internal Brace enables sports activity and provides a sense of well-being similar to that of classic ACL reconstruction using hamstring or quadriceps tendon autografts in a selected patient population.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III Retrospective comparative study.
- ACL reconstruction
- ACL repair
- internal Brace
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery
- Follow-Up Studies
- Hamstring Tendons
- Matched-Pair Analysis
- Return to Sport
- Retrospective Studies