Processing of AZ91D Magnesium Alloy by Laser Powder Bed Fusion

Klára Nopová, Jan Jaroš, Ondřej Červinek, Libor Pantělejev, Stefan Gneiger, Sascha Senck, Daniel Koutný

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Magnesium alloys are perspective materials for use in transportation, aerospace and medical industries, mainly because of their good load-to-weight ratio, biocompatibility and biodegradability. For the effective production of magnesium components by the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) process, the process parameters with verified mechanical properties need to be determined. In this paper, we prepared bulk samples with a high relative density of AZ91D magnesium alloy. Tensile tests were then performed on LPBF samples to evaluate the mechanical properties. Our results show that the bulk samples achieved a relative density >99%, in multiple planes over the full sample height, while the mechanical properties reached values of YS = 181 MPa, UTS = 305 MPa and A5.65 = 5.2%. The analysis by scanning electron microscope revealed fine β-Mg17Al12 particles in the microstructure, which have a positive effect on the mechanical properties. The chemical composition of magnesium alloy AZ91D changed slightly during processing by LPBF due to the evaporation of the Mg content. However, the resulting composition still corresponds to the range specified by the ASTM standard for the AZ91D alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1377
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • AZ91D
  • energy dispersive spectroscopy
  • laser powder bed fusion
  • magnesium alloy
  • porosity
  • process parameters
  • scanning electron microscope
  • single tracks


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