As known from earlier investigations, most of the RNi2 compounds (R. . .rare earth element) do not crystallize in the cubic Laves phase structure (C15), but in a superstructure of C15 with ordered vacancies at the R sites. In the present work high pressure X-ray diffraction experiments on selected RNi2 compounds (R = Tb, Sm, Gd and Y) are presented, showing that pressures of about 8-15 GPa lead to a disordering of the vacancies in all of them. Furthermore the studies show that the pressure-induced order-disorder transition is closely related to the earlier observed disordering of the vacancies at high temperatures between 430 K (TbNi2) and 740 K (YNi2), and that there is a pronounced variation of the transition pressures and temperatures among the investigated compounds.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||High Pressure Research|
|Publication status||Published - May 2002|
- Diamond anvil cell
- Order-disorder transition
- Synchrotron radiation