Porosity determination of carbon and glass fibre reinforced polymers using phase-contrast imaging

Christian Gusenbauer, Michael Reiter, Bernhard Plank, Dietmar Salaberger, Sascha Senck, Johann Kastner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents multi-modal image data of different fibre reinforced polymer samples acquired with a desktop Talbot-Lau grating interferometer (TLGI) X-ray computed tomography (XCT) system and compare the results with images acquired using conventional absorption-based XCT. Two different fibre reinforced polymer samples are investigated: (i) a carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) featuring a copper mesh embedded near the surface for lightning conduction and (ii) a short glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) sample. The primary goal is the non-destructive detection of internal defects such as pores and the quantification of porosity. TLGI provides three imaging modalities including attenuation contrast (AC) due to absorption, differential phase contrast (DPC) due to refraction and dark-field contrast (DFC) due to scattering. In the case of the CFRP sample, DPC is less prone to metal streak artefacts improving the detection of pores that are located close to metal components. In addition, results of a metal artefact reduction (MAR) method, based on sinogram inpainting and an image fusion concept for AC, DPC and DPC, are presented. In the case of the GFRP sample, DPC between glass fibres and matrix is lower compared to AC while DPC shows an increased contrast between pores and its matrix. Porosity for the CFRP sample is determined by applying an appropriate global thresholding technique while an additional background removal is necessary for the GFRP sample.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalJournal of Nondestructive Evaluation
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Mikro-Computertomographie
  • Talbot-Lau grating interferometer
  • X-ray computed tomography
  • Carbon and glass fibre reinforced polymers
  • Differential phase contrast
  • Porosity

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