Particulate emissions from biomass power plants: a practical review and measurement uncertainty issues

Dominik Steiner, Christof Lanzerstorfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper follows a practical approach to evaluate particulate matter emissions from biomass-fuelled power plants and analysis measurement uncertainties. Sixty-seven measurement reports from 11 biomass power plants, all equipped with fabric filters as dust control device, were analysed. Particulate matter emission measurements by gravimetrical standard reference method were chosen to provide the most reliable values to investigate the influence of bag filter parameters, such as media age or bag filter length. 92.1% of total dust emission measurements were below lower BAT-associated emission levels (BAT-AELs) for waste incineration. Data also showed that bag filter media older than 6 years can still secure very low dust emission levels. This work also gives a summary of findings and problems with uncertainty of automated measuring systems for dust emissions in biomass combustion applications in practice and quality assurance level one (QAL1) process related to very low emission levels such as lower best available techniques reference document (BREF) values. Practical examples on issues of continuous dust emission monitoring devices are also given.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Automated measurement systems
  • BREF values
  • Biomass combustion
  • Continuous emission monitoring
  • Fabric filter
  • Flue gas cleaning
  • Measurement uncertainties
  • Particulate matter emissions


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