In many applications, nonlinear beams undergoing bending, axial and shear deformation are important structural elements. In the present paper, a shear deformable beam finite element is presented for such applications. Since displacements and displacement gradients are chosen as the nodal degrees of freedom, an equivalent displacement and rotation interpolation is retrieved. The definition of strain energy is based on Reissner’s nonlinear rod theory with special strain measures for axial strain, shear strain and bending strain. Furthermore, a thickness deformation is introduced by adding an according term to the virtual work of internal forces. This underlying formulation is extended for piezo-electric actuation. The obtained beam finite elements are applied to a two-link robot with two flexible arms with tip masses. Distributed and concentrated masses cause flexural vibrations, which are compensated by means of piezo-electric actuators attached to the arms. A numerical example of a highly flexible robot with piezo-electric actuation and feedforward control is presented to show the applicability of the finite element.
|Title of host publication||Advanced Dynamics and Model-Based Control of Structures and Machines|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2012|