Non-contact photoacoustic imaging using a fiber based interferometer with optical amplification

Armin Hochreiner, Johannes Bauer-Marschallinger, Peter Burgholzer, Bernhard Jakoby, Thomas Berer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In photoacoustic imaging the ultrasonic signals are usually detected by contacting transducers. For some applications contact with the tissue should be avoided. As alternatives to contacting transducers interferometric means can be used to acquire photoacoustic signals remotely. In this paper we report on non-contact three and two dimensional photoacoustic imaging using an optical fiber-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer. A detection beam is transmitted through an optical fiber network onto the surface of the specimen. Back reflected light is collected and coupled into the same optical fiber. To achieve a high signal/noise ratio the reflected light is amplified by means of optical amplification with an erbium doped fiber amplifier before demodulation. After data acquisition the initial pressure distribution is reconstructed by a Fourier domain reconstruction algorithm. We present remote photoacoustic imaging of a tissue mimicking phantom and on chicken skin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2322-2331
Number of pages10
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Volume4
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013

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