Multiscale In-situ Investigations of the Formation of Delamination in CFRP by Means of X-Ray Micro-Computed Tomography

Markus Höglinger, Bernhard Plank, Michael Thor, Christoph Heinzl, Johann Kastner

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Due to their potential of decreasing weight and emission, the importance of lightweight designs with carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRP) in the aeronautic and automotive industry is increasing constantly. However, the formation of cracks and delaminations is one of the most prominent failure mechanisms during mechanical loading of CFRP, significantly influencing the material’s behaviour. The effects range from no effect on the structure up to complete failure of the part. In order to assess the severity of the effects, a profound knowledge of the origin of delamination initiation, its evolution and dimension of delaminations is indispensable. To display the inner structures of the specimen, X-ray computed tomography (XCT) leads to three-dimensional images of the specimen under investigation. In a multiscale XCT approach, beginning with a lower resolution, a visualization of the position and, to a lesser extent, the dimension of the delamination can be obtained over the entire volume of the specimen. A detailed visualization of the initiation and propagation of delamination at stepwise increased loadings of the specimen is obtained with higher resolution measurements. With the aid of a simple wooden in situ loading setup, the whole process of delamination initiation and growth over a certain displacement can be monitored. These two approaches in combination with certain loading stages allows a detailed description of the performance of the specimen under load.
Translated title of the contributionMultiskalare In-Situ Untersuchungen der Entstehung von Delaminationen in CFK mit Hilfe von Röntgen-Computertomographie
Original languageEnglish (American)
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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