Mechanical properties of dust collected by dust separators in iron ore sinter plants

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Abstract

The flow-related mechanical properties of dusts from the de-dusting systems of several sinter plants were investigated. The mass median diameters of the dusts were in the range from approximately 3 to 100 µm. Also, the bulk density of the dusts varied in a wide range (approximately 400 to 2300 kg/m³). A good correlation between the bulk density and the mass median diameter for most of the dusts was found. In contrast, the angles of repose did not vary very much, only for the coarsest dust a significantly lower value was measured. The angles of internal friction as well as the wall friction angles were lower for coarse dust and higher for fine dust. The shear tests showed that both angles depend considerably on the stress level. At low stress, the angles decreased significantly with increasing values of stress, whereas at higher stress, the dependence was small or even disappeared. The only exception to this behaviour was shown by the finest dust. The flowability decreased with the particle size. The flowability categories suggested by the three flowability indicators were passable only for the coarser dusts. For the finer dusts, the flowability was overestimated by all flowability indicators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3186-3193
Number of pages8
JournalENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY
Volume36
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • dust flowability
  • dust properties
  • sinter plant
  • Particle Size
  • Iron/analysis
  • Waste Management
  • Industrial Waste/analysis
  • Dust/analysis
  • Metallurgy

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