Measuring greenhouse gas abatement costs in Upper Austria

Markus Schwarz, Sebastian Goers, Michael Schmidthaler, Robert Tichler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss the methodological approach and the results of the investigation of greenhouse gas emission abatement costs in Upper Austria. Design/methodology/approach – The assessment covers the quantification of marginal abatement costs (MACs) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the emission reduction potentials of various energy efficiency and fuel switch measures with a special emphasis on the heat, electricity and transport sectors in Upper Austria during the period from 2010 to 2030. Findings – The expert-based assessment in Upper Austria shows negative abatement costs for 19 of 56 evaluated strategies. While these measures are very efficient from an economic point of view, the remaining 37 measures are associated with higher costs. The evaluation reveals a significant reduction potential of 5.2 million tons CO 2 e (which represent 21 per cent) of the current GHG emissions in Upper Austria for the examined period. Research limitations/implications – MACs are generally limited to a certain time frame. Furthermore, the expert-based approach is based on several assumptions and neglects behavioural and learning aspects. Originality/value – This contribution uses a multi-criteria approach that reveals the economic efficiency and the ecological effectiveness of the considered strategies/technologies with regard to greenhouse gas emission reductions, the improvement of the overall energy efficiency, and the competitiveness of a fuel switch towards renewable energy sources. Drawing upon the findings of this study, policy recommendations can be elaborated and the necessary improvements of the regulative framework can be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-266
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Austria
  • Ecological effectiveness
  • Economic efficiency
  • Energy efficiency
  • Expert-based approach
  • Fuel switch
  • Fuels
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Marginal abatement cost curve
  • Policy-making
  • Upper Austria


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