Measurement techniques, calculation methods and reduction measures for greenhouse gas emissions in inland navigation – a preliminary study

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Abstract

Emissions originating from inland navigation should be reduced to achieve climate targets. This paper aims to identify (1) onboard GHG emission measurement systems, (2) calculation methods for GHG emissions of inland vessels and (3) reduction measures. A systematic literature review, examining 6 databases, yielded 105 initial outcomes, with 17 relevant references. The review reveals a scarcity of studies, with the majority concentrated in Europe and Asia, while North America, Africa, Australia, and South America remain largely unexplored. Four of the seventeen relevant studies focused on real-world GHG emissions measurement. Future research should explore more efficient and calibrated approaches for real-time CO2 insights in inland vessels. In the section on calculating GHG emissions, most papers attempt to adapt the EEDI or EEXI to inland navigation. Reduction measures for GHG emissions concentrate on alternative fuels, like LNG, methanol, hydrogen, or alternative power sources. As the research in this area is limited, prioritizing it in academic discourse is not only essential for advancing our understanding but also imperative for shaping a resilient and environmentally conscious future for inland navigation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3007
JournalSustainability
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • CO2e emissions
  • emission reduction
  • greenhouse gases
  • GHG
  • Sustainable transport
  • emission measurement
  • inland navigation
  • inland vessel
  • emission calculation
  • CO e emissions
  • sustainable transport

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