Location-aware hazardous litter management for smart emergency governance in urban eco-cyber-physical systems

Amirhossein Peyvandi, Babak Majidi, Soodeh Peyvandi, Jagdish Patra, Behzad Moshiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Smart city management is facing a new challenge from littered face masks during COVID-19 pandemic. Addressing the issues of detection and collection of this hazardous waste that is littered in public spaces and outside the controlled environments, usually associated with biomedical waste, is urgent for the safety of the communities around the world. Manual management of this waste is beyond the capabilities of governments worldwide as the geospatial scale of littering is very high and also because this contaminated litter is a health and safety issue for the waste collectors. In this paper, an autonomous biomedical waste management framework that uses edge surveillance and location intelligence for detection of the littered face masks and predictive modelling for emergency response to this problem is proposed. In this research a novel dataset of littered face masks in various conditions and environments is collected. Then, a new deep neural network architecture for rapid detection of discarded face masks on the video surveillance edge nodes is proposed. Furthermore, a location intelligence model for prediction of the areas with higher probability of hazardous litter in the smart city is presented. Experimental results show that the accuracy of the proposed model for detection of littered face masks in various environments is 96%, while the speed of processing is ten times faster than comparable models. The proposed framework can help authorities to plan for timely emergency response to scattering of hazardous material in residential environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22185-22214
Number of pages30
JournalMultimedia Tools and Applications
Issue number16
Early online date3 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2022


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Edge surveillance
  • Emergency response
  • Smart city
  • Waste management


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