Lipid production from diverse oleaginous yeasts from steam exploded corn cobs

Heike Kahr, Manuel Pointner, Klaus Krennhuber, Bianca Wallner, Alexander Jäger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Corn cob hydrolysate was used as substrate for growth and lipid accumulation via oleaginous yeast species. A mass based suspension of 10 g 100 g-1 corn cob hydrolysate contained 26.0 g L-1 glucose, 8.5 g L-1 xylose. The inhibitor concentrations were 0.16 g L-1 acetic acid, 1.50 g L-1 formic acid, 0.48 g L-1 HMF and 0.06 g L-1 furfural. These conditions reduced the cell growth of non-adapted yeast. Successful adaptation of the tested yeasts over several generations in corn cob hydrolysate was performed. The adapted yeast Candida lipolytica produced 19.4 g 100 g -1 lipids in relation to the dry weight in 7.5 g 100 g-1 dry matter corn cob hydrolysate in fed batch mode. The scale up was done up to a volume of 2.5 litres – here lipid accumulation up to 17.5 g 100 g-1 was demonstrated with the quantitative GC/FID analyses. Predominantly oleic acid, palmitic acid, linoleic and palmitoleic acid were produced. This lipid spectrum is suitable for biodiesel production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-327
Number of pages10
JournalAgronomy Research
Volume13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Corn cobs
  • Oleaginous yeast

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