Of all offense types, shoplifting is one of the crimes with the smallest gender gap. Yet, males also commit shoplifting more frequently than females. Considering that theft from stores is one of the most common forms of juvenile delinquency, it is astonishing that the roots of the gendered distribution of shoplifting have not been studied extensively. The power-control theory's focus on gender roles and gendered socialization makes it an obvious candidate for an explanatory approach, although it has never been tested specifically for shoplifting delinquency. Our contribution attempts to close this research gap. Based on a large-scale student survey from Austria, we examine whether the gender gradient of juvenile shoplifting can be explained by propositions derived from the theory. Our results provide more support for the control and risk related arguments of the theory, rather than for its power component.
|Translated title of the contribution||Juvenile shoplifting and gender testing propositions derived from the power-control theory|
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Monatsschrift für Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2012|