Investigations of actinide metals and compounds under pressure provide important insights into bonding and chemistry

R. G. Haire, S. Heathman, T. Le Bihan, A. Lindbaum, M. Iridi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One effect of pressure on elements and compounds is to decease their interatomic distances, which can bring about dramatic perturbations in their electronic nature and bonding, which can be reflected in changes in physical and/or chemical properties. One important issue in the actinide series of elements is the effect of pressure on the 5f-electrons. We have probed changes in electronic behavior with pressure by monitoring structure by X-ray diffraction, and have studied several actinide metals and compounds from thorium through einsteinium. These studies have employed angle dispersive diffraction using synchrotron radiation, and energy dispersive techniques via conventional X-ray sources. The 5f-electrons of actinide metals and their alloys are often affected significantly by pressure, while with compounds, the structural changes are often not linked to the involvement of 5 f-electron. We shall present some of our more recent findings from studies of selected actinide metals, alloys and compounds under pressure. A discussion of the results in terms of the changes in electronic configurations and bonding with regard to the element's position in the series is also addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Volume802
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes
EventActinides - Basic Science, Applications and Technology - Boston, MA., United States
Duration: 1 Dec 20033 Dec 2003

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