Influence of processing on the mechanical properties and morphology of starch-based blends for film applications

Blanca Maria Lekube, Barbara Fahrngruber, Martin Kozich, Marnik Wastyn, Christoph Burgstaller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article describes the effect of processing on the properties and morphology of thermoplastic starch (TPS) and poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) blends and films with high starch content. Different process parameters were modified during compounding of blends and extrusion of blown films. Morphology was examined through scanning electron microscopy. Mechanical and optical characterization of films was carried out as well. Decreasing specific throughput during compounding led to an increase in strain at break of the blends from 66 to 497%. The tensile strength increased from 6 to 22 MPa as well. The highest elastic modulus and tear resistance were achieved at intermediate specific throughputs, whereas the maximum TPS particle size and the lowest color difference were obtained at high specific throughputs. A decrease of color difference from 6.4 to 2.2 was observed by reducing the temperature profile in 5 °C. In the case of blown film extrusion, increasing the temperature profile resulted in a reduction of color difference of the films from 7.9 to 4.2. In addition, tensile strength and strain at break slightly increased. Color difference decreased with decreasing screw speed as well.

Original languageEnglish
Article number47990
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume136
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biodegradable
  • biopolymers and renewable polymers
  • extrusion
  • films
  • packaging

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