Induction Motor Stator Fault Detection by a Condition Monitoring Scheme Based on Parameter Estimation Algorithms

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19 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents a simple, low-cost, and effective method for the early diagnosis of stator short-circuit faults. The approach relies on the combination of an induction motor mathematical model and parameter estimation algorithm. The kernel of the method is the efficient search for the characteristic parameters that indicate stator short-circuit faults. However, the non-linearity of a machine model may imply multiple local minima of an objective function implemented in the estimation algorithm. Taking this into consideration, the suitability of two industry-proven optimization algorithms (pattern search algorithm and genetic algorithm) as applied in the proposed condition monitoring method was investigated. Experimental results show that the proposed diagnosis method is capable of detecting stator short-circuit faults and estimating level and location of faults. The study also indicates that the proposed method is robust to motor parameters offset and unbalanced voltage supply. Application of the pattern search algorithm is suitable for a continuous monitoring system, where the previous result can be used as starting point of the new search. The genetic algorithm requires longer computation time and is suitable for the offline diagnostic system. It is not sensitive to the starting point, and achieving global solution is guaranteed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1138-1148
Number of pages11
JournalElectric Power Components and Systems
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Condition monitoring
  • Induction motor
  • Parameter estimation algorithms
  • Stator fault detection


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