The computation of assembly tolerance information is necessary to fulfill robust design requirements. This assembly is computationally costly, with current calculations taking several hours. We aim to identify surrogate models for predicting degrees of freedom within a tolerance chain based on point connections between assembly components. Thus, replacing part of the current computation workflow and consequently reduce computation time. We use manufacturing tolerances set by norms and industrial standards to identifly these surrogate models, which define all relevant features and resulting output variables. We use black-box modeling methods (artificial neural networks and gradient boosted trees), as well as white-box modeling (symbolic regression by genetic programming). We see that these three models can reliably predict the degrees of freedom of a tolerance chain with high accuracy (R2 > 0.99).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-805
Number of pages10
JournalProcedia Computer Science
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event4th International Conference on Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing, ISM 2022 - Linz, Austria
Duration: 2 Nov 20224 Nov 2022


  • Genetic Programming
  • Gradient Boosted Tree
  • Machine Learning
  • Neural Network
  • Robust Design
  • Surrogate Model
  • Symbolic Regression
  • Tolerance Analysis


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