Identification of genes involved in xylose metabolism of Meyerozyma guilliermondii and their genetic engineering for increased xylitol production

Denise Atzmüller, Nadine Ullmann, Alexander Zwirzitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Meyerozyma guilliermondii, a non-conventional yeast that naturally assimilates xylose, is considered as a candidate for biotechnological production of the sugar alternative xylitol. Because the genes of the xylose metabolism were yet unknown, all efforts published so far to increase the xylitol yield of this yeast are limited to fermentation optimization. Hence, this study aimed to genetically engineer this organism for the first time with the objective to increase xylitol production. Therefore, the previously uncharacterized genes of M. guilliermondii ATCC 6260 encoding for xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) were identified by pathway investigations and sequence similarity analysis. Cloning and overexpression of the putative XR as well as knockout of the putative XDH genes generated strains with about threefold increased xylitol yield. Strains that combined both genetic modifications displayed fivefold increase in overall xylitol yield. Enzymatic activity assays with lysates of XR overexpressing and XDH knockout strains underlined the presumed functions of the respective genes. Furthermore, growth evaluation of the engineered strains on xylose as sole carbon source provides insights into xylose metabolism and its utilization for cell growth.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number78
JournalAMB Express
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Meyerozyma guilliermondii
  • Xylitol
  • Xylitol dehydrogenase
  • Xylose
  • Xylose reductase

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