How to Induce a Physical and Virtual Rubber Hand Illusion

Alexander Kalus, Martin Kocur, Niels Henze, Johanna Bogon, Valentin Schwind

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingsConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Understanding body ownership is essential when creating virtual reality (VR) applications using avatars. One of the most widely-used paradigm to investigate body ownership is the rubber hand illusion (RHI). When a real hand and a rubber hand are stroked synchronously, participants can experience the rubber hand as their own hand. Although the knowledge from RHI experiments in the real world is applied to when users embody avatars in VR, it is still unclear whether the illusory ownership of a virtual and physical body produce the same effects. In addition, conducting RHI studies in VR would allow gaining a range of novel experiments that are not possible in the real world. With this demonstration, we therefore present a system and approach to investigate the RHI in the real world and in VR.
Original languageEnglish (American)
Title of host publicationMensch und Computer 2022
Subtitle of host publicationFacing Realities, MuC 2022 - Proceedings
EditorsMax Muhlhauser, Christian Reuter, Bastian Pfleging, Thomas Kosch, Andrii Matviienko, Kathrin Gerling, Sven Mayer, Wilko Heuten, Tanja Doring
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781450396905
ISBN (Print)9781450396905
Publication statusPublished - 4 Sept 2022
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


  • rubber hand illusion
  • virtual reality
  • virtual embodiment

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