Grape seed extract improves intestinal barrier integrity and performance: Evidence from in vitro, Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster experiments and a study with growing broilers

Georg Sandner, Verena Stadlbauer, Nadiia Sadova, Cathrina Neuhauser, Bettina Schwarzinger, Lea Karlsberger, Kerstin Hangweirer, Katharina Antensteiner, Alexander Stallinger, Tobias Aumiller, Julian Weghuber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Grape seed extract (GSE) is an interesting source for polyphenols and other phytochemicals with high antioxidant potential. Here, we report on a comprehensive study investigating GSE in various in vitro and in vivo experiments. Obtained results indicate that GSE improves parameters related to intestinal barrier integrity in cell culture, C. elegans and D. melanogaster. Faster wound healing was observed in a scratch assay using intestinal IPEC-J2 cells when pre-treated with GSE. Furthermore, reactive oxygen species were found to be significantly decreased in cell culture and C. elegans experiments. In C. elegans, qPCR gene expression analysis revealed significant modulations after 24 h of GSE treatment. Finally, a 42-day broiler feeding study revealed a dose dependant effect on growth performance in the GSE supplemented groups. In conclusion, GSE was found to provide promising properties including wound closure, intestinal integrity, and antioxidant activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102483
JournalFood Bioscience
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Broiler
  • C. elegans
  • D. melanogaster
  • Grape seed extract
  • Intestinal barrier
  • Intestinal functionality
  • Oxidative stress

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