Gaze-based Interaction with Windshield Displays for Automated Driving: Impact of Dwell Time and Feedback Design on Task Performance and Subjective Workload

Andreas Riegler, Bilal Aksoy, Andreas Riener, Clemens Holzmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingsConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With increasing automation, vehicles could soon become mobile work- and living spaces, but traditional user interfaces (UIs) are not designed for this domain. We argue that high levels of productivity and user experience will only be achieved in SAE L3 automated vehicles if UIs are modified for non-driving related tasks. As controls might be far away (up to 2 meters), we suggest to use gaze-based interaction with windshield displays. In this work, we investigate the effect of different dwell times and feedback designs (circular and linear progress indicators) on user preference, task performance and error rates. Results from a user study conducted in a virtual reality driving simulator (N = 24) highlight that circular feedback animations around the viewpoint are preferred for gaze input. We conclude this work by pointing out the potential of gaze-based interactions with windshield displays for future SAE L3 vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 12th International ACM Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, AutomotiveUI 2020
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages151-160
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450380652
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2020
Event12th ACM International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, AutomotiveUI 2020 - Washington, Virtual, United States
Duration: 21 Sep 202022 Sep 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings - 12th International ACM Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, AutomotiveUI 2020

Conference

Conference12th ACM International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, AutomotiveUI 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington, Virtual
Period21.09.202022.09.2020

Keywords

  • automated driving
  • dwell time
  • feedback design
  • gaze-based interaction
  • user study
  • virtual reality
  • windshield display

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