Estradiol impairs the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effect of Zoledronic acid in hormone sensitive breast cancer cells in vitro: Estradiol impairs the antitumor effect of ZA

Daphne Gschwantler-Kaulich, Sigrid Weingartshofer, Thomas Grunt, Mario Mairhofer, Yen Tan, Jutta Gamper, Christian Singer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Zoledronic acid (ZA) has antiresorptive effects and protects from bone metastasis in women with early breast cancer. In addition, in postmenopausal women with endocrine responsive breast cancer ZA prolongs DFS. The exact mechanism is still unclear. We have therefore investigated the effect of increasing concentrations of ZA in breast cancer cell lines in the absence or presence of estradiol to mimic the hormonal environment in vitro. Materials and methods: Using assays for cell proliferation (EZ4U, BrdU) and cell death (Annexin/PI), we have analyzed the dose-dependent antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of ZA in two hormone sensitive cell lines (MCF-7 and T47D) and a hormone insensitive, triple negative cell line (MDA-MB-231) in the presence of 0, 1 and 10 nM estradiol. Results: In the absence of estradiol, ZA exerts dose-dependent antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic antitumor effects in both, hormone sensitive (MCF-7, T47D) and -insensitive (MDA-MB-231) breast cancer cell lines (p<0.0001). In the presence of estradiol, the antitumoral effect of ZA was significantly decreased only in the hormone sensitive MCF-7 and T47D cell lines (p = 0.0008 and p = 0.0008, respectively). Conclusion: We have demonstrated that estradiol impairs the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effect of ZA in hormone sensitive, but not in hormone insensitive breast cancer cell lines. Our findings provide a possible explanation for the differential effect of ZA on DFS in pre- and postmenopausal patients with hormone sensitive early breast cancer, which has been demonstrated clinically. We further hypothesize that endocrine insensitive tumors such as triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) should benefit from ZA irrespective of their menopausal status.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0185566
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Estradiol
  • Zoleodronic Acid
  • Breast Cancer
  • Diphosphonates/administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Apoptosis/drug effects
  • Zoledronic Acid
  • Cell Cycle/drug effects
  • Estradiol/administration & dosage
  • MCF-7 Cells
  • Bone Neoplasms/prevention & control
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent/drug therapy
  • Female
  • Cell Proliferation/drug effects
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents/administration & dosage
  • DNA, Neoplasm/biosynthesis
  • Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy
  • Imidazoles/administration & dosage

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