Enabling outdoor MR capabilities for head mounted displays: a case study

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6 Citations (Scopus)


This research work covers generic approaches to determine the outdoor position and orientation of an augmented reality device due to the lack of outdoor capability of depth-sensor or environmental recognition-sensor-based devices currently available on the market. The determination of the orientation is primarily achieved with an attitude heading reference system (AHRS) for a rough estimation. Based on a connected/built-in video camera the accuracy at minor changes of the orientation is enhanced by applying registration to assess the differences in orientation between two video frames, compensating for gyroscope drift errors. The position determination is achieved using GPS with a rover and base station real time kinematic beacon system to achieve enhanced precision. Results show that due to sensor application AR hardware considered for indoor use can be retooled to properly work outdoors, at large distances and even inside running vehicles. Thus, future implementation of applications in various domains is facilitated.

Translated title of the contributionErweiterung von Head Mounted Displays zur außerräumlichen MR-Nutzung: eine Fallstudie
Original languageEnglish
Article number15
Pages (from-to)562-570
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • mixed reality
  • outdoor capabilities
  • orientation
  • positioning
  • image registrationg
  • training scenarios
  • head mounted display
  • Image registration
  • Positioning
  • Modelling MR training scenarios
  • Orientation
  • Mixed reality
  • Head mounted displays
  • Outdoor capabilities


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