Effect of Si and Al on microstructure-property-relationship of Q&P-steels during galvannealing

M. Wallner, R. Schneider, K. Steineder, C. Sommitsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of a thermal-treatment simulating a galvannealing-process (GA) on the microstructure of a 0.2C–4Mn–1.5Si and 0.2C–4Mn–1.5Al (in wt-%) medium-Mn-Q&P-steel was investigated in detail using dilatometry. After Q&P-process, the retained austenite (RA) fraction is higher and mechanical properties are superior for the Si-concept. Owing to galvannealing, strength decreases substantial for both concepts. For the Si-concept however, RA starts to decompose into pearlite upon galvannealing temperatures of 520°C, leading to a significant decrease in elongation. For the Al-concept, the RA-fraction remains constant up to 560°C, which even results in increased elongations values compared to the galvannealed Si concept. This contribution shows that Al as an alloy-element in Q&P-steel is more suitable for RA stabilisation at higher temperature than Si.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-189
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Technology (United Kingdom)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • austenite decomposition
  • carbide precipitation
  • galvannealing
  • martensite tempering
  • mechanical properties
  • Quenching & partitioning
  • retained austenite
  • thermal stability


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