The remelting behavior of the tempering steel 50CrMo4, was investigated with several experimental melts on a lab-scale ESR-plant. The investigated parameters included a variation of the slag compositions and the use of a protective nitrogen atmosphere. Variations of the slag composition comprised slags with different contents of CaF2, CaO and Al2O3 as well as a variation of the SiO2-content. The remelted ingots were forged and analyzed regarding their chemical composition as well as their distribution and composition of the non-metallic inclusions (NMI) by automated SEM-EDX method. The chemical composition of the slag after remelting was analyzed as well. The results clearly show a relationship mainly of Si and Al in the steel with the process parameters. NMI changed in their total amount, type and size distribution. The protective atmosphere reduced the Si-losses during remelting. The majority of the NMI were of the Al2O3- & MnS-type. In general, remelting lead to an almost complete removal of sulfides, a reduction of oxisulfides and a shift towards more oxides. The total amount of NMI was most strongly reduced by the high CaF2-containing remelting slag.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Jun 2019|
|Event||Joint 5th International Conference on Advances in Solidification Processes, ICASP 2019 and 5th International Symposium on Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification, Casting and Refining, CSSCR 2019 - Salzburg, Austria|
Duration: 17 Jun 2019 → 21 Jun 2019