Effect of different process parameters on non-metallic inclusions during electro-slag remelting of a tempering steel

R. Schneider, S. Schroft, M. Molnar, G. Klösch, C. Schüller

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The remelting behavior of the tempering steel 50CrMo4, was investigated with several experimental melts on a lab-scale ESR-plant. The investigated parameters included a variation of the slag compositions and the use of a protective nitrogen atmosphere. Variations of the slag composition comprised slags with different contents of CaF2, CaO and Al2O3 as well as a variation of the SiO2-content. The remelted ingots were forged and analyzed regarding their chemical composition as well as their distribution and composition of the non-metallic inclusions (NMI) by automated SEM-EDX method. The chemical composition of the slag after remelting was analyzed as well. The results clearly show a relationship mainly of Si and Al in the steel with the process parameters. NMI changed in their total amount, type and size distribution. The protective atmosphere reduced the Si-losses during remelting. The majority of the NMI were of the Al2O3- & MnS-type. In general, remelting lead to an almost complete removal of sulfides, a reduction of oxisulfides and a shift towards more oxides. The total amount of NMI was most strongly reduced by the high CaF2-containing remelting slag.

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