Education, school type and screen time were associated with overweight and obesity in 2930 adolescents

Dieter Furthner, Margit Ehrenmueller, Roland Lanzersdorfer, Gerhard Halmerbauer, Klaus Schmitt, Ariane Biebl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: This cross-sectional study analysed the influence of socio-economic factors on screen time, overweight and obesity. Methods: We asked adolescents aged 10, 14 and 17 from 10 school types in urban and rural regions in Upper Austria to complete questionnaires from December 2012 to February 2013. Their parents were also asked to complete questionnaires. Results: The questionnaires were completed by 2930 adolescents and 2209 parents. Total weekend screen time was significantly associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) in 10-year-old boys (p < 0.005) and 10-year-old girls (p = 0.002), and there were significant associations between higher BMI and television time and longer weekend video game use in subjects aged 10 and 14. Higher education levels were associated with shorter daily video game use and longer computer use. Males (p < 0.0001) and adolescents from immigrant families (p < 0.0001) reported longer screen times at all ages. Lower parental education and higher parental BMI correlated significantly with longer screen time and BMI in the youngest age group. Conclusion: The greatest weight problems were in younger adolescents, despite shorter screen times, and boys and adolescents from immigrant families reported the longest screen times. Prevention strategies need to start early.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-522
Number of pages6
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume107
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Body mass index
  • Obesity
  • Parental education
  • Screen time
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Age Factors
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Urban Population
  • Incidence
  • Austria
  • Overweight/diagnosis
  • Screen Time
  • Rural Population
  • Female
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Child
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Education/methods
  • Linear Models
  • Schools/classification
  • Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology
  • Television/statistics & numerical data
  • Adolescent
  • Sex Factors

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Education, school type and screen time were associated with overweight and obesity in 2930 adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this