Economic statistical design of a T2 control chart with double warning lines

Alireza Faraz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Recent studies have shown that enhancing the common T2 control chart by using variable sample sizes (VSS) and variable sample intervals (VSI) sampling policies with a double warning line scheme (DWL) yields improvements in shift detection times over either pure VSI or VSS schemes in detecting almost all shifts in the process mean. In this paper, we look at this problem from an economical perspective, certainly at least as an important criterion as shift detection time if one considers what occurs in the industry today. Our method is to first construct a cost model to find the economic statistical design (ESD) of the DWL T2 control chart using the general model of Lorenzen and Vance (Technometrics 1986; 28:3-11). Subsequently, we find the values of the chart parameters which minimize the cost model using a genetic algorithm optimization method. Cost comparisons of Fixed ratio sampling, VSI, VSS, VSIVSS with DWL, and multivariate exponentially weighted moving average (MEWMA) charts are made, which indicate the economic efficacy of using either VSIVSS with DWL or MEWMA charts in practice if cost minimization is of interest to the control chart user.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-139
Number of pages15
JournalQuality and Reliability Engineering International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011


  • Hotelling's T control chart
  • Markov chain
  • adjusted average time to signal (AATS)
  • economic statistical design (ESD)
  • genetic algorithm (GA)
  • variable sample size and sampling interval (VSSVSI) scheme


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