Dynamic in Situ Confinement Triggers Ligand-Free Neuropeptide Receptor Signaling

Florencia M. Sànchez, Marina S. Dietz, Ulrike Müller, Julian Weghuber, Karl Gatterdam, Ralph Wieneke, Mike Heilemann, Peter Lanzerstorfer, Robert Tampé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Membrane receptor clustering is fundamental to cell-cell communication; however, the physiological function of receptor clustering in cell signaling remains enigmatic. Here, we developed a dynamic platform to induce cluster formation of neuropeptide Y 2 hormone receptors (Y 2R) in situ by a chelator nanotool. The multivalent interaction enabled a dynamic exchange of histidine-tagged Y 2R within the clusters. Fast Y 2R enrichment in clustered areas triggered ligand-independent signaling as determined by an increase in cytosolic calcium and cell migration. Notably, the calcium and motility response to ligand-induced activation was amplified in preclustered cells, suggesting a key role of receptor clustering in sensitizing the dose response to lower ligand concentrations. Ligand-independent versus ligand-induced signaling differed in the binding of arrestin-3 as a downstream effector, which was recruited to the clusters only in the presence of the ligand. This approach allows in situ receptor clustering, raising the possibility to explore different receptor activation modalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8363-8371
Number of pages9
JournalNano Letters
Volume22
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Calcium/metabolism
  • Chelating Agents
  • Histidine
  • Hormones
  • Ligands
  • Neuropeptide Y/metabolism
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • beta-Arrestin 2/metabolism
  • G protein-coupled receptors
  • receptor condensates
  • receptor dynamics
  • phase separation
  • membrane organization

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