Estimates of the subjective visual and postural vertical were obtained from five patients with acute peripheral vestibular lesions and 20 normal subjects. The visual vertical was assessed by asking the subjects to align a target line to earth vertical by means of remote control. Postural vertical judgments were obtained by exposing them to rotational displacements in the roll plane while sitting on a motor-driven chair and requiring them to align their body to vertical using a joystick control. While the patients showed strong deviations of the visual vertical towards the lesion side, their postural vertical judgments remained veridical. We conclude that the above perceptions are not processed identically and that the participating sensory systems are differently weighted during these tasks.
- Peripheral vestibular lesions
- Postural vertical
- Spatial orientation
- Vestibular system
- Visual vertical