Design, Characterisation and Numerical Investigations of Additively Manufactured H10 Hybrid-Forging Dies with Conformal Cooling Channels

Bernd Arno Behrens, Aziz Huskic, Daniel Rosenbusch, Julius Peddinghaus, Hendrik Wester, Martin Siegmund, Jochen Giedenbacher, Janina Siring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Internal die cooling during forging can reduce thermal loads, counteracting surface sof-tening, plastic deformation and abrasive die wear. Additive manufacturing has great potential for producing complex geometries of the internal cooling channels. In this study, hybrid forging dies were developed combining conventional manufacturing processes and laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) achieving conformal cooling channels. A characterisation of the used hot-work tool steel’s AISI H10 powder material was carried out in order to determine suitable parameters for L-PBF processing and heat treatment parameters. Additionally, the mechanical properties of L-PBF-processed AISI H10 specimens were investigated. Furthermore, the influence of different internal cooling channels regarding a possible structural weakening of the die were analysed by means of a finite element method (FEM) applied to a hot-forging process. The numerical results indicated that the developed forging dies withstood the mechanical loads during a forging process. However, during the investigation a large dependency between the resulting stresses and the chosen parameters were observed. By choosing the best combination of parameters, a reduction of the equivalent stress by 1000 MPa can be achieved. Finally, a prototype of the hybrid-forging dies featuring the most promising cooling channel geometry was manufactured.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1063
JournalMetals
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • die analysis
  • die cooling
  • finite element method
  • hybrid-forging die
  • laser powder bed fusion
  • wear protection

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