Design and Implementation of Post-WIMP Distributed User Interfaces with ZOIL

Hans-Christian Jetter, Michael Zöllner, Jens Gerken, Harald Reiterer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


"Interactive spaces" are physical environments or rooms for collaborative work that are augmented with ubiquitous computing technology. Their purpose is to enable a computer-supported collaboration between multiple users that is based on a seamless use of different devices for natural "post-WIMP" interaction (e.g., multitouch walls, interactive tabletops, tablet PCs, or digital pen and paper). However, to this day, there are no well-established guidelines or toolkits for designing and implementing such distributed user interfaces (DUIs). Therefore, this article introduces the Zoomable Object-Oriented Information Landscape (ZOIL), a novel design approach and software framework for post-WIMP DUIs in interactive spaces.In the following, the ZOIL design principles are first introduced and illustrated. They provide recommendations and examples of DUI interaction design for interactive spaces. Then the different software patterns and architectures that have been employed for implementing the open-source ZOIL software framework are described. This framework facilitates the implementation of ZOIL's design principles in practice. Lessons learned from ZOIL's implementation are shared, and the implementation is discussed and compared with related work and approaches. The results of an evaluation of ZOIL with designers and developers conclude the article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-747
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Human-Computer Interaction
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


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