Cyclone fly ash from a grate-fired biomass combustion plant: dependence of the concentration of various components on the particle size

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Abstract

In this study cyclone fly ash from a grate-fired combustion plant using forest residues as fuel was split into particle size classes with mass median diameters of 2.0 μm, 4.3 μm, 9.1 μm, 18 μm and 43 μm by use of an air classifier. The particle classes were analysed for total carbon, Na, K, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ti, V, Cr, Mo, Mn, Fe, Si, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Hg, B, Al, Pb, As, Sb, Bi, Cl-, NO3-, PO43- and SO42- and the size dependence of the concentrations c was modelled using the relation c ~ 1/dN. For several components a considerable dependence of the concentration on the particle size was observed. Increasing concentration with decreasing particle size was found for K, Bi, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn and for Cl-, NO3- and SO42-. The metals Al, As, Ba, Fe, Si, Ti and V showed the opposite behaviour. Other components, including TC, Ca, Mg, PO43-, Na and Mn showed no size-dependence. Investigation of single particles by scanning electron microscope in combination with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that the analysed concentrations are representative for the particle classes only, the composition of single particles in a particle class can deviate considerably.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-388
Number of pages7
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume131
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • biomass combustion
  • cyclone fly ash
  • heavy metal
  • nutrients
  • particle size
  • Particle size
  • Biomass combustion
  • Nutrients
  • Cyclone fly ash
  • Heavy metal

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