Cyber-victimization and popularity in early adolescence: Stability and predictive associations

Petra Gradinger, Dagmar Strohmeier, Eva Maria Schiller, Elisabeth Stefanek, Christiane Spiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


The present study examined: (1) the one-year stability of cyber-victimization; (2) the temporal sequence of cyber-victimization and traditional victimization; and (3) popularity and perceived popularity as possible antecedents and consequences of cyber-victimization and traditional victimization. The sample comprised 665 early adolescents (356 boys, 309 girls) aged 11.63 (SD 0.84) at Time 1. Data were collected using self- and peer reports. To test for the temporal sequence a cross-lagged panel design was used. Traditional victimization, popularity and perceived popularity were moderately stable for both boys and girls. Cyber-victimization was neither stable during a oneyear period, nor could it be predicted by traditional victimization, popularity or perceived popularity. Instead, cyber-victimization fostered popularity in girls. The implications of these findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-243
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


  • cross-lagged panel design
  • cyber-victimization
  • early adolescence
  • perceived popularity
  • popularity
  • victimization
  • Popularity
  • Victimization
  • Early adolescence
  • Perceived popularity
  • Cross-lagged panel design
  • Cyber-victimization


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