Cure simulation with resistively in situ heated CFRP molds: Implementation and validation

J. S. Weiland, M. P. Hartmann, R. M. Hinterhölzl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In composite processing of parts with varying cross-sections, homogeneous cure is sought but poses a significant challenge. Electrically heated molds for resin transfer molding (RTM) processes offer the potential to locally introduce heat and, thus, achieve more homogeneous cure and enhanced part quality. However, low conductivity of CFRP poses a risk of uncontrolled exothermic reactions. To target this potential, an appropriate and efficient numerical method is presented in this study to simulate part cure governed by resistive heated CFRP molds. A numerical control algorithm for 3D finite element cure simulations is developed, which uses the reaction flux of a temperature boundary condition to calculate the arising tool temperature field. The capability of this method to predict non-uniform tool temperatures of self-heated CFRP molds with close to thermocouple accuracy during the cure process is shown by means of numerical verification and experimental validation on a self-heated CFRP plate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-181
Number of pages11
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B. Cure behavior
  • C. Finite element analysis (FEA)
  • D. Thermal analysis
  • E. Resin transfer molding (RTM)

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