This study draws upon data from the European Social Survey to examine Messner und Rosenfeld's Institutional Anomie Theory. Institutional Anomie Theory tries to explain cross-national differences in crime rates by the interaction of society's cultural and institutional forces. The relevant state of research is unsatisfactory and full of gaps. Deficiencies exist especially with regard to the postulated cultural dynamics. The first explicitly European test of the theory is presented by this study. Findings from a series of multilevel models that include individual characteristics of the respondents and cultural and structural characteristics of the countries shed doubt on the theory's suitability to explain crossnational variations in victimisation risk across Europe. Neither the cultural imperatives of the >American Dream< nor the extent of anomic orientations are connected in the expected manner with the crime rate.
|Translated title of the contribution||Culture, institutions and crime: Testing institutional anomie theory with victimization data from Europe|
|Number of pages||26|
|Journal||Monatsschrift für Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2010|