Computer-assisted dosage calculation for strabismus therapy in myopic patients

Martina Koch, Siegfried Priglinger, Robert Hoerantner, Thomas Haslwanter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose: The published dosage recommendations for the surgical correction of horizontal strabismus in non-myopic patients show large, unexplained differences. For patients with high myopia, the situation becomes even more complex because the increase in the size of the bulb also affects the geometry of the oculomotor muscles. In this study, we wanted to investigate whether computer simulations of the oculomotor plant can be used to find accurate surgical parameters. Methods: In a retrospective study, we investigated pre- and postoperative strabismus patterns in 13 patients affected by convergent (seven patients) or divergent (six patients) strabismus and high myopia. Postoperative checks were made 1day, 1week, 3months and 1-6years after the operation. For each patient, we simulated the presurgical strabismus pattern with SEE++ (see 'Further Information' for manufacturer details), a biomechanical simulation program of the oculomotor plant. The individual results of the simulations were then compared to the measured postoperative strabismus patterns. Results: We found a trend of under-correction in the postoperative situation, resulting in four patients having a large remaining strabismus angle of more than 5 degrees. The computer simulations were able to reproduce this under-correction, and suggested an increase in dosage. Conclusions: We conclude that realistic biomechanical simulations of the oculomotor plant can predict the postoperative result for myopic patients accurately. The results of the computer simulation correlate well with the postoperative outcome of the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalActa Ophthalmologica Scandinavica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008


  • Myopia
  • Oculomotor mechanics
  • Strabismus
  • Surgery
  • Systems modelling
  • Myopia/complications
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Strabismus/complications
  • Postoperative Period
  • Child, Preschool
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures
  • Models, Biological
  • Computer Simulation
  • Oculomotor Muscles/physiopathology
  • Adolescent
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted
  • Adult
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Child


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