Carbon black silicone composite in surgical simulation - A detailed electromechanical characterization

Thomas Thurner, Roland Pruckner, Julia Maier, Martin Kaltenbrunner, Andreas Schrempf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The integration of advanced materials into surgical simulators has revolutionized medical training. In this study, a detailed characterization of carbon black silicone composites specifically designed as soft sensor material in hybrid surgical simulators including a hyper visco plasto elastic model is performed. Carbon black-silicone composites offer unique properties such as flexibility, softness and electrical conductivity, making them ideal for integration into synthetic tissue imitations in simulators. These sensors provide real-time feedback on tissue deformation, improving the realism and evaluation capability of surgical simulations. The comprehensive, closed-form material model enables detailed analysis of the composite's mechanical and electrical behavior, accounting for viscoelasticity, plasticity and hyperelasticity. The application of this model provides insights into the behavior of the conductive composite in different sensory scenarios, which facilitates the development of more realistic simulators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115262
Pages (from-to)115262
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2024


  • Carbon black silicone composite
  • Electromechanical characterization
  • Hyper visco elasto plastic material model
  • Soft sensors
  • Surgical simulation
  • Synthetic tissue imitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Carbon black silicone composite in surgical simulation - A detailed electromechanical characterization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this