Automated Verification of Structured Questionnaires Using HL7® FHIR®

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingsConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Informed consent of patients to research studies is a cornerstone to modern healthcare, which has lead to considerable administrative effort. The purpose of this paper is to show how forms and questionnaires and their respective answers can be captured in a standardized, structured way, in order to enable automated verification. The use of the HL7 FHIR resources Questionnaire and QuestionnaireResponse is discussed with respect to the different implementation options of Extensions, POST Interceptors, FHIR Operations, and CDS Hooks. These four approaches are described and it is determined whether they produce standard-compliant results and how they can be integrated with other solutions. Since all approaches yield advantages and disadvantages, the choice amongst any option must be based on the actual use case.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICT for Health Science Research - Proceedings of the EFMI 2019 Special Topic Conference
EditorsInge Madsen, Amnon Shabo, Klaus-Hendrik Wolf, Matthias Lobe, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Kristiina Hayrinen, Fernando Martin-Sanchez, Thomas M. Deserno
PublisherIOS Press Amsterdam
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781614999584
ISBN (Print)978-1-61499-959-1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventEFMI STC - Hannover, Germany
Duration: 7 Apr 201910 Apr 2019

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
ISSN (Print)0926-9630
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8365


ConferenceEFMI STC
Internet address


  • HL7 FHIR
  • Questionnaire
  • CDS Hooks
  • FHIR Operation


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