Appliance of stereoscopy for bath level detection of steel casting pans

Christian Rittenschober, Kurt S. Niel, Roman Rössler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingsConference contributionpeer-review


For an automatic tapping of a steel converter and for further processing steps it is necessary to measure the bath level of the steel casting pans (charging ladles). The harsh environment and the properties of molten steel avoid applications of standard bath level detection systems like based on laser, micro wave or super sonic. Instead of these methods within this paper a stereoscopic camera system is introduced which acquires pictures of the molten steel surface. It is possible to detect the bath level without complex equalization of the perspective by geometric calculations. To know which deformations can make the system defective is essential on designing the mechanical bodywork. Simulations with Matlab allow showing the influences of variations to the stereoscopic standard geometry and the boundaries of the system accuracy. Out of these calculations inaccuracies of camera angle appears to be the main parameter for failures. But a developed algorithm is possible to affect that angle after a tapping automatically. Furthermore different parameters have been analyzed to optimize the accuracy of the stereoscopic algorithm. Generally the investigations of the stereo system have shown which specifications including certain tolerances have to be fulfilled by the designer of the mechanical construction to get accurate and reliable results for the automation process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE-IS and T Electronic Imaging - Machine Vision Applications in Industrial Inspection XV
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)0819466166, 9780819466167
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventMachine Vision Applications in Industrial Inspection XV - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: 29 Jan 200730 Jan 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


ConferenceMachine Vision Applications in Industrial Inspection XV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA


  • Accuracy simulation
  • Bath level detection
  • Geometrical equalization
  • Parameter optimization
  • Perspective deformation
  • Steel charging ladles
  • Stereoscopic camera system


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