An application of fuzzy random variables to control charts

Alireza Faraz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


The two most significant sources of uncertainty are randomness and incomplete information. In real systems, we wish to monitor processes in the presence of these two kinds of uncertainty. This paper aims to construct a fuzzy statistical control chart that can explain existing fuzziness in data while considering the essential variability between observations. The proposed control chart is an extension of Shewhart X-S2 control charts in fuzzy space. The proposed control chart avoids defuzzification methods such as fuzzy mean, fuzzy mode, fuzzy midrange, and fuzzy median. It is well known that using different representative values may cause different conclusions to be drawn about the process and vague observations to be reduced to exact numbers, thereby reducing the informational content of the original fuzzy sets. The out-of-control states are determined based on a fuzzy in-control region and a simple and precise graded exclusion measure that determines the degree to which fuzzy subgroups are excluded from the fuzzy in-control region. The proposed chart is illustrated with a numerical example.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2684-2694
Number of pages11
JournalFuzzy Sets and Systems
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2010


  • Fuzzy inclusion measure
  • Fuzzy numbers
  • Fuzzy random variables
  • Process control


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