Adipose-tissue-derived therapeutic cells in their natural environment as an autologous cell therapy strategy: the microtissue-stromal vascular fraction

S. Nürnberger, C. Lindner, J. Maier, K. Strohmeier, C. Wurzer, P. Slezak, S. Suessner, W. Holnthoner, H. Redl, S. Wolbank, E. Priglinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prerequisite for a successful clinical use of autologous adipose-tissue-derived cells is the highest possible regenerative potential of the applied cell population, the stromal vascular fraction (SVF). Current isolation methods depend on high enzyme concentration, lysis buffer, long incubation steps and mechanical stress, resulting in single cell dissociation. The aim of the study was to limit cell manipulation and obtain a derivative comprising therapeutic cells (microtissue-SVF) without dissociation from their natural extracellular matrix, by employing a gentle good manufacturing practice (GMP)-grade isolation. The microtissue-SVF yielded larger numbers of viable cells as compared to the improved standard-SVF, both with low enzyme concentration and minimal dead cell content. It comprised stromal tissue compounds (collagen, glycosaminoglycans, fibroblasts), capillaries and vessel structures (CD31+, smooth muscle actin+). A broad range of cell types was identified by surface-marker characterisation, including mesenchymal, haematopoietic, pericytic, blood and lymphatic vascular and epithelial cells. Subpopulations such as supra-adventitial adipose-derived stromal/stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells were significantly more abundant in the microtissue-SVF, corroborated by significantly higher potency for angiogenic tube-like structure formation in vitro. The microtissue-SVF showed the characteristic phenotype and tri-lineage mesenchymal differentiation potential in vitro and an immunomodulatory and pro-angiogenic secretome. In vivo implantation of the microtissue-SVF combined with fat demonstrated successful graft integration in nude mice. The present study demonstrated a fast and gentle isolation by minor manipulation of liposuction material, achieving a therapeutically relevant cell population with high vascularisation potential and immunomodulatory properties still embedded in a fraction of its original matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-133
Number of pages21
JournalEuropean cells & materials
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Adipose Tissue/cytology
  • Adult
  • Biomarkers/metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cell Shape
  • Cell Survival
  • Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
  • Extracellular Matrix/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic
  • Stromal Cells/cytology
  • Transplantation, Autologous
  • Stromal vascular fraction
  • Adipose-derived stromal/stem cells
  • Angiogenesis
  • Endothelial progenitor cells
  • Extracellular matrix

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