A super low-cost bioprinter based on DVD-drive components and a raspberry pi as controller

Maximilian Wagner, Andreas Karner, Pamela Gattringer, Bianca Buchegger, Armin Hochreiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Bioprinting is a growing, multidisciplinary research area with huge potential. Applications range from printing small organ-tissue equivalents for basic research (e.g. investigation of 3D cell growth) to printing whole organs for implantation in the future. Anyhow, there are a lot of challenges to be solved. An increasing number of researchers, involving students and smaller research groups, are picking up this challenging topic, however, a crucial obstacle in the field is the high cost of a bioprinter. In this publication, we present a super low-cost bioprinter based on DVD-drive components. The printer can be built using tools and components easily accessible for engineers and students and with a budget of less than € 190. Further, our simple but effective system is easily modifiable for specific needs. For curing the bio-ink during printing and to be able to fabricate multilayer structures, a nebulizer unit was used as alternative to a more complex coaxial two-nozzle-system.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00142
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • 3D stage
  • Alginate
  • Bioprinting
  • DVD drive
  • Extruder
  • Raspberry Pi


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