A Statistical View on Synthetic Aperture Imaging for Occlusion Removal

Indrajit Kurmi, David C. Schedl, Oliver Bimber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Synthetic apertures find applications in many fields, such as radar, radio telescopes, microscopy, sonar, ultrasound, LiDAR, and optical imaging. They approximate the signal of a single hypothetical wide aperture sensor with either an array of static small aperture sensors or a single moving small aperture sensor. Common sense in synthetic aperture sampling is that a dense sampling pattern within a wide aperture is required to reconstruct a clear signal. In this paper, we show that there exist practical limits to both, the synthetic aperture size and the number of samples for the application of occlusion removal. This leads to an understanding on how to design synthetic aperture sampling patterns and sensors in a most optimal and practically efficient way. We apply our findings to airborne optical sectioning, which uses camera drones and synthetic aperture imaging to computationally remove occluding vegetation or trees for inspecting ground surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8736348
Pages (from-to)9374-9383
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Sensor data processing
  • airborne optical sectioning
  • light fields
  • synthetic aperture imaging


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