A similarity-based generalization of fuzzy orderings preserving the classical axioms

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Equivalence relations and orderings are key concepts of mathematics. For both types of relations, formulations within the framework of fuzzy relations have been proposed already in the early days of fuzzy set theory. While similarity (indistinguishability) relations have turned out to be very useful tools, e.g. for the interpretation of fuzzy partitions and fuzzy controllers, the utilization of fuzzy orderings is still lagging far behind, although there are a lot of possible applications, for instance, in fuzzy preference modeling and fuzzy control. The present paper is devoted to this missing link. After a brief motivation, we will critically analyze the existing approach to fuzzy orderings. In the main part, an alternative approach to fuzzy orderings, which also takes the strong connection to gradual similarity into account, is proposed and studied in detail, including several constructions and representation results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-610
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowlege-Based Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Fuzzy equivalence relations
  • Fuzzy orderings
  • Fuzzy relations
  • Gradual similarity
  • Indistinguishability


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